MoMA – The Museum of Modern Art in New York – is the largest museum of modern and contemporary art in the city and one of the most renowned in the world. It is a “must-see” even for those who are not big fans of modern art. You will be surprised to discover works that you necessarily know!

niood lists you the 12 Most Famous Paintings At the MoMa New York:

1. Starry Night, Van Gogh

The Starry Night (in Dutch De sterrennacht) is a painting by the Dutch post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh. The painting represents what Van Gogh could see and extrapolate from the room he occupied in the asylum of the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole monastery in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence in May 1889.

Often presented as his great work, the painting has been reproduced many times. It has now been kept in the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York since 1941.

2. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, Pablo Picasso

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon is a large format oil painting on canvas (244 × 234 cm), produced in Paris by Pablo Picasso in 1907. The painting is considered one of the most important paintings of the history of painting because of the stylistic and conceptual break it offers.

According to Henri Matisse, it was probably due to a misunderstanding that from 1907 Les Demoiselles d’Avignon or Bordel d’Avignon was considered the first Cubist painting. Picasso having had a greater sense of public relations than Georges Braque, he will end up towards the end of the 1950s by attributing to himself the entire paternity of Cubism. The work was acquired by the Museum of Modern Art, located in New York, in 1939.

3. The Persistence of Memory, Salvador Dalí

The Persistence of Memory is a surrealist painting painted in 1931 by Salvador Dalí. It is an oil on canvas known to the general public under the title Les Montres molles and one of the painter’s most famous paintings. Exhibited for the first time at Julien Levy’s art gallery in 1932, it has been in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York since 1934.

Representing the beach of Portlligat embellished with pocket watches melting like Camembert, the canvas makes as much a mockery of the rigidity of time — opposed here to the persistence of memory, the title of the work — as it reflects the painter’s anxieties before the inexorable advance of time and death. Dalí exploited here the most characteristic elements of his surrealist period to develop universal themes: time and death. The result is a work that is both emblematic of Dalian work and general in scope.

4. Campbell’s Soup Can, Andy Warhol

Campbell’s Soup Cans (sometimes referred to as 32 Campbell’s Soup Cans) is a work of art produced between November 1961 and March or April 1962 by American artist Andy Warhol. It consists of thirty-two canvases, each measuring 20 inches (51 cm) in height × 16 inches (41 cm) in width and each consisting of a painting of a Campbell’s Soup can—one of each of the canned soup varieties the company offered at the time.

The non-painterly works were produced by a screen printing process and depict imagery deriving from popular culture and belong to the pop art movement.

5. The Lovers, René Magritte

Frustrated desires are a common theme in René Magritte’s work. Here, a barrier of fabric prevents the intimate embrace between two lovers, transforming an act of passion into one of isolation and frustration. Some have interpreted this work as a depiction of the inability to fully unveil the true nature of even our most intimate companions.

6. The Water Lilies, Claude Monet

One of Monet’s larger paintings, it shows the beauty of the sunset reflecting off the water. In 1919, Claude Monet was an elderly man who had already had been painting for almost 70 years, and his Water Lilies series came during a time when he was mainly painting water lilies in his pond, the pond’s bridge, and his garden.

7. Dutch Interior, Joan Miró

Dutch Interior _(I) i_s based on a seventeenth–century painting by Hendrick Martensz Sorgh depicting a lute player in a domestic interior. Miró bought a postcard reproduction of the work at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam a few months prior to beginning his painting. “I had the postcard pinned up on my easel while I painted,” Miró reported. In bold, flat colors that rejected the naturalistic modeling and perspective of seventeenth–century Dutch painting, Miró greatly accentuated some elements of Sorgh’s composition, the lute and the man’s head and ruffled collar in particular, while diminishing others.

8. Gas Station, Edward Hopper

The theme of roads and travel will become one of the permanent motifs in the artist’s work. At the same time, the American journey is a journey, primarily by car. The theme is also revealed in literature and cinema – this is the great American road movie, the work of Jack Kerouac, which have become symbols of American travel, where the gas station is one of the main plots.

9. Self-Portrait with a Haircut, Frida Kahlo

In this self-portrait, Kahlo has cast off the feminine attributes with which she often depicted herself—such as traditional embroidered Tehuana dresses or flowers in her hair—and instead sports a loose-fitting man’s suit and short-clipped haircut. Her high-heeled shoes and one dangling earring remain, however, along with her characteristic penetrating outward gaze. Locks of hair are strewn across the floor, a severed braid lies next to her chair, and the artist holds a pair of scissors across her lap.

This androgynous persona may refer to Kahlo’s own bisexuality, while the lyrics of a popular Mexican song that appear at top suggest the address of a lover: “Look, if I loved you it was because of your hair. Now that you are without hair, I don’t love you anymore.”

10. One: Number 31, Jackson Pollock

It is one of three large format paintings painted with dripping that Pollock created in 1950 in his emblematic studio in an East Hampton barn; the other two are Autumn Rhythm (Number 30) and Blue Poles. During the process of creating One: Number 31, 1950, in the summer of 1950, photographer Hans Namuth was invited to take photos documenting Pollock’s studio and work.

Upon arrival, Namuth was initially disappointed that Pollock said the large canvas with oil paint and glaze was finished. However, this sense of dissatisfaction was short-lived, as Pollock spontaneously picked up his brush and began placing black, white and brown paint on the canvas in what Namuth called “a kind of dance”.

11. Drowning Girl, Roy Lichtenstein

The painting has been described as a “masterpiece of melodrama”, and is one of the artist’s earliest images depicting women in tragic situations, a theme to which he often returned in the mid-1960s. It shows a teary-eyed woman on a turbulent sea. She is emotionally distressed, seemingly from a romance. Using the conventions of comic book art, a thought bubble reads: “I Don’t Care! I’d Rather Sink — Than Call Brad For Help!”

This narrative element highlights the clichéd melodrama, while its graphics — including Ben-Day dots that echo the effect of the printing process — reiterate Lichtenstein’s theme of painterly work that imitates mechanized reproduction.

12. Bicycle Wheel, Marcel Duchamp

“Bicycle wheel” (fr. Roue de bicyclette) is a readymade by the French and American artist and art theorist Marcel Duchamp, created by him in 1913, even before the appearance of this term, introduced by him in 1915. The sculpture represents a front wheel mounted by the upper part of a bicycle fork in the seat of a wooden stool. The original version of 1913 and its author’s repetition, which is attributed to 1916-1917, have been lost. In 1950-1960, several more copies were created by order of the artist.

“Bicycle wheel” is the first object of its kind in art, made in the ready-made technique, the founder of which is Duchamp. In addition, this work is regarded as the first example of kinetic art.